As judged by the PubMed outcomes, the cytoprotective effects of synthetic peptidyl GHRP appear far less studied in noncardiac, parenchymal epithelial organs or multiple organ systems than in the cardiovascular system. However, the results of the reviewed studies are consistent with a broad cytoprotective influence for various organs by reducing inflammation and preventing necrosis and/or apoptosis. The mechanism of GHRP-mediated pharmacological actions is shown in Figure 4.
Determining how efficient and the actions of the growth hormone is dependent on the physical condition of the experimental unit. For example, in humans, GH secretion decreases with obesity. On the other hand, GHRP-6, similar to Hexarelin, showed in one case increased (almost twice that of GHRP) GH responses when administered in obese patients (Cordido et al. 1993). Though obesity has shown affecting the efficiency of the hormone, it was also suggested that GHRP-6’s effects were found to be sex- and age-independent without being affected by the noadregenic pathways using the a2 adrenergic receptors (Penalva et al. 2008).
Despite all these pharmacological advantages and that GHRPs exhibit a broad safety profile, their clinical development has been erratic and irregular. This has been a deterrence factor for their definitive positioning within cardiology and intensive care medicine for years. In the meantime, novel drugs and therapeutic strategies are demanded to protect organs and tissues exposed to ischemia and other lethal insults in the clinical practice.
In addition, scientists have observed that those who supplemented with IGF-1 experienced a preponderance of new brain cell growth and new muscle mass and new studies confirmed this to be true, even among individuals with both brain damage and muscle-wasting sarcopenia. Furthermore, research studies have found IGF-1 to increase feelings of youthfulness, improve well-being, and even to alleviate depression.
CJC-1295 is basically a peptide hormone that acts similar to growth hormone releasing hormones (GHRH). Invented by a Canadian biotechnology company called ConjuChem, it is beneficial to athletes because it can bioconjugate with circulating albumin and increase the time it can be used for medical purposes. It achieves this by preventing degradation of its amino acids. With a single dose, it can remain in the body for quite a few days and can cause the growth hormone to be released many times per day. This reduces the frequency of injections needed.
One of the major differences between GHRP 2 and GHRP 6 is that the latter increases hunger in you substantially, especially when you consume the supplement at regular intervals. Therefore, those looking to build muscles and lose excess fat may want to consider GHRP 2 as it is not known to build appetite in you to that extent. However, if your aim is to eat more and growth quickly then GHRP 6 based supplements is for you.

It is important to understand that GHRP-6 doses on its own provides considerable HGH release from the pituitary gland, but is nowhere near as effective as the potential HGH release resultant from GHRP-6 combined with a GHRH such as Mod GRF 1-29 (CJC-1295 without DAC). Studies have demonstrated that the combination of GHRP-6 and a GHRH analogue such as Mod GRF 1-29 will generate a 77% increase in HGH output compared to GHRP-6 administration alone[8]. Other studies have gone so far as to explicitly state that GHRP-6 requires GHRH in order to stimulate maximal HGH stimulation as evidenced by the fact that in test subjects, the inclusion of a GHRH can increase HGH output by an additional 81 – 95%[9].
The matters under subsection 52E (1) of the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 considered relevant by the delegate included: a) the risks and benefits of the use of a substance; b) the purposes for which a substance is to be used and the extent of use of a substance; c) the toxicity of a substance; d) the dosage, formulation, labelling, packaging and presentation of a substance; e) the potential for abuse of a substance; f) any other matters that the Secretary considers necessary to protect the public health.

"In circumstances where a medicine is widely known to be used in connection with modifying a physiological process in persons (as appears to be the case with some SARMs and other peptide products), that medicine is likely to satisfy the definition of a therapeutic good despite any disclaimer to the effect that it is for research purposes only and/or not for human use."


Following the preliminary histological data, suggesting a reduction of wound inflammation and a far more organized ECM, we addressed the gene expression study toward inflammatory and profibrogenic markers. We primarily examined Cd36 expression following topical GHRP-6 application and found that peptide reduced its receptor expression () (Figure 4). Furthermore, the treatment significantly reduced Adam17 expression () and approached to significantly reduce Tnf (), which may partially contribute to explaining the substantial reduction of infiltrated inflammatory cells within the wound bed (Figure 4).

The letters stand for ‘Growth Hormone Releasing Peptide’, and the compound is a peptide in the growth factor family, known as a HEXAPEPTIDE and GH SECRATAGOGUE. It has a strong effect on the release of endogenous (naturally produced) human growth hormone, in a dose related manner. It has been used in school medicine for the treatment of growth hormone deficiency in children and young adults, which drives home just how powerful this compound is at influencing the body to release its own natural GH. It works by signalling the pituitary gland to secrete GH itself, but also by the suppression of SOMATOSTATIN too (an antagonist of growth hormone releasing hormone – GHRH).
GHRP-6 is most commonly provided in small vials of 5 mg, which should be stored under refrigeration. (It is acceptable however for them to be mailed unrefrigerated.) The vial is diluted with a convenient volume of sterile or bacteriostatic water. For example, the vial might be diluted with 2.5 mL of water, yielding a solution of 2 mg/mL (2000 mcg/mL.) After the water addition, the vial again will be stored under refrigeration.
As both CJC1295 and Ipamorelin bind to the pituitary gland and prompt the release of GH, when used together, the production of growth hormone is over 10 times more than when used individually. As it stimulates the body’s natural growth hormone production it also causes the release of IGF-1. The advantages of the CJC peptide is that it helps increases bone density and collagen, as well as boosting the immune system. It will also produce new muscle cells which will be leaner and increases weight loss. The CJC 1295 results are part of years of scientific studies. It primarily increases the production of proteins, which leads to stable bodily functions related to the glands in the body or the endocrine system.
Peptides: Are a small chain of amino acids that isn’t quite long enough to be considered a protein. In other words they are the building blocks for protein in the body. They actually have a wide range of functions with the most popular being an increase in growth hormone, increase in recovery (and by default muscle building) and even a natural tan.

Peptidyl and nonpeptidyl GHSs are active when administered by intranasal and oral routes, are more potent on a weight basis than GHRH itself, are more effective in vivo than in vitro, synergize with coadministered GHRH and are almost ineffective in the absence of GHRH, and do not suppress somatostatin secretion. Prolonged infusions of GHRP amplify pulsatile GH secretion in normal men. GHRP administration, like that of GHRH, facilitates slow-wave sleep. Patients with hypothalamic disease leading to GHRH deficiency have low or no response to hexarelin; similarly, pediatric patients with complete absence of the pituitary stalk have no GH secretory response to hexarelin.


GHRP-6 while being the penultimate in strengths of GH release in its class, it is still quite potent and can be taken 2-3 times in a day. It is available in a freeze-dried powder and should be reconstituted in bacteriostatic water and stored in the refrigerator. It is available in 5 mg packets, and one dosage should not be more than 100 micrograms. A dosage of more than 200 micrograms does not any significant impact on the muscles. It should be injected using an insulin syringe either under the skin or between muscles.

As judged by the PubMed outcomes, the cytoprotective effects of synthetic peptidyl GHRP appear far less studied in noncardiac, parenchymal epithelial organs or multiple organ systems than in the cardiovascular system. However, the results of the reviewed studies are consistent with a broad cytoprotective influence for various organs by reducing inflammation and preventing necrosis and/or apoptosis. The mechanism of GHRP-mediated pharmacological actions is shown in Figure 4.
GHRP-6 is a small molecular weight peptide, effective when orally administered, stable, and economically low priced than others.13 Our observation that GHRP-6 intravenous administration proved to be safe in a dose scale-up clinical trial in healthy human volunteers is significantly important.14 Our demonstration that there is no in vivo pharmacological interaction between the peptide and a well-validated cardiovascular drug such as the beta blocker agent metoprolol is also relevant for GHRP-6 pharmacological “positioning”.15 Since for years, GHRP-6 has been the platform of our experimental work; we address particular attention to its investigational development as for hexarelin and GHRP-2.
Whether it is GHRP 2 or GHRP 6, it is better to get in touch with your physician before you get on with the consumptions of these peptides. In any case, when you are following an exercise regimen of extreme type coupled with special supplements and diets, a complete assessment done by a competent physician is highly recommended. Both the peptides – GHRP 2 and GHRP 6 have their own set of advantages and disadvantages, similarities and differences. It all boils down to individual choices and requirements when it comes to choosing between them.
Injections of other compounds along with IGF-1 (which is a popular practice) can also cause serious health issues. The idea is that after an user administers a GHRP (like Ipamorelin) along with IGF-1, a selective pulse is then sent that stimulates the hypothalamus and pituitary to release even more growth hormone. But this may result in an eventual negative feedback loop that leaves you unable to produce your own growth hormone and stuck on injections forever. GHRP and synthetic HGH use has also been shown to cause joint pain, huge spikes in cortisol, excessive hunger, and splitting headaches.
GHRP-6 is most commonly provided in small vials of 5 mg, which should be stored under refrigeration. (It is acceptable however for them to be mailed unrefrigerated.) The vial is diluted with a convenient volume of sterile or bacteriostatic water. For example, the vial might be diluted with 2.5 mL of water, yielding a solution of 2 mg/mL (2000 mcg/mL.) After the water addition, the vial again will be stored under refrigeration.
The final verdict is to go for it. GHRP-6 is not your garden-variety performance enhancer. One of the most important aspects of it is that it does not cause desensitization. This means that it will not cause overdose and that works best for athletes. Also since it increases appetite, it forces you to make more calories available to your body for exercise and for recovery. It does not boost unnatural muscle growth like other performance enhancers and the result does not put extra pressure on your tendons and ligaments.
The availability of a pack size of 28 days' supply may result in the whole pack being used regardless of the pack being labelled with "14 day treatment". Consumers who initiate this treatment in a pharmacy setting may not see a medical practitioner for a month. If a consumer has not responded to treatment after 14 days, it is a flag for them to seek further medical assessment.
Triamcinolone acetonide (TA) has long been the steroid of choice for the treatment of skin fibrotic disorders, providing the best relief of local symptoms such as scars flattening. Nevertheless, TA is associated with adverse events such as dermal atrophy, telangiectasia, and immunosuppression [4, 5]. Despite the multitude of therapeutic strategies to prevent or reduce keloid and HTS formation, these conditions remain as orphan clinical niches of ultimately effective interventions [6].
GHRP was first envisioned to be an analog of GHRH but, from comparison of the activity of GHRH and GHRPs between 1982 and1984, it was hypothesized to reflect the activity of a new hormone regulator of GH secretion, yet to be isolated and identified. Intravenous bolus GHRP releases more GH than GHRH in humans, but the reverse occurs in vitro. GHRPs are pleiotropic peptides with major effects on GH, nutrition, and metabolism, especially as an additional hormone in combination with GHRH as a new regulator of pulsatile GH secretion. The first indication of pleiotropism was an increase of food intake by GHRP. A major reason for the prolonged initial interest in the GHRPs has been its similar, yet different and complementary, action with GHRH on GH regulation and secretion.
When combined with the other IGF-1 and growth hormone boosting strategies you’ve just discovered – such as eating adequate calories, heavy weight training, 7-9 hours of sleep per 24 hour cycle, adequate mineral intake and moderation of alcohol intake – these additional strategies will ensure you get all the anabolic effects of IGF-1 and growth hormone without having to resort to needles, syringes, prescriptions, online pharmacies and potentially dangerous self-experimentation.
Serum ghrelin levels vary as a function of energy balance. Ghrelin levels are increased in anorexia and decreased in obesity.78 Thus, it is possible that ghrelin may be an important player in food intake behavior and perhaps in chronic over- and under-nutrition as well.9 Because of its dual effects, ghrelin may be a critical hormonal signal of nutritional status to the somatotropic axis, playing a role in integrating energy balance with the growth process.10
From the standpoint of protein synthesis and muscle repair, IGF-1 injections have also been shown to enhance the anticatabolic effects of insulin and to increase the protein synthesis normally induced by growth hormone. This is because, like insulin, IGF-1 encourages amino acid uptake into muscle cells, stimulates peripheral tissue uptake of glucose (which lowers blood glucose levels), and suppresses liver glucose production. That last fact is important and is actually why IGF-1 is even being considered as a diabetes-prevention drug. Insulin resistance can cause the liver to produce excess glucose, which then causes even more insulin insensitivity and can eventually result in type II diabetes, and IGF-1 can decrease the need for this type excessive insulin release.

At the time that decision was made, paracetamol/caffeine combinations were available over-the-counter in over 50 other countries and had been exempt from scheduling in a number of major markets that are similar to Australia in terms of population type and regulatory status. Experience with the unscheduled sale of this product was extensive: UK 19 years, Ireland 12 years and New Zealand for 7 years. However, the Committee determined not to consider paracetamol combined with caffeine for exemption from scheduling until market experience had been gained with use as a Schedule 2 product in Australia.
CJC-1295 is basically a peptide hormone that acts similar to growth hormone releasing hormones (GHRH). Invented by a Canadian biotechnology company called ConjuChem, it is beneficial to athletes because it can bioconjugate with circulating albumin and increase the time it can be used for medical purposes. It achieves this by preventing degradation of its amino acids. With a single dose, it can remain in the body for quite a few days and can cause the growth hormone to be released many times per day. This reduces the frequency of injections needed.
When using any GHRH, it should always be remembered that positive results cannot be achieved overnight. These compounds act steadily over time, and the best results can be achieved slowly, and with a nutritious diet and a proper exercise regime. Also, these peptides are not sex-specific, so they do not have any androgenic effects. They can be used by women in the same dosages that men do.
Technically, it is a “protein-peptide hormone” which means that it consists of 70 amino acids bonded together. Just like the peptides I’ve written about in the past, this means that it must be injected, because otherwise IGF-1 simply degrades in the gut, rendering it useless. Your own human growth hormone release promotes the synthesis of IGF-1 in your liver (and to smaller amounts, synthesis of IGF-1 by your muscles), your liver and muscles then synthesize IGF-1 and then, in the case of your liver, subsequently package the IGF-1 with binding proteins for transport into the blood. In a type of anabolic positive-feedback loop, IGF-1 then further increases growth hormone’s anabolic effects.
As with any GHRP or GHRH, administration of GHRP-6 doses should be done no sooner than 2 hours following the last meal containing carbohydrates or fats, and no sooner than 30 minutes prior to the next consumption of carbohydrates or fats. As evidenced by studies referenced in the introduction of this profile, the consumption of fats and carbohydrates will significantly blunt (but not eliminate) HGH release. HGH pulses will generally reach their peak by about 30 minutes following injection, after which it is then acceptable to consume a meal containing carbohydrates and fats.
It’s a man… it’s a plane… it’s a man eating a cactus! Not all heroes wear capes. To a superhero, secrecy is their most important power. Everyone from Bruce Wayne to Peter Parker can tell you this. Though, no matter how much you try to hide it, sometimes your character starts to slip out. Normal life can be hard; a friendly dinner can cause cravings for cactus, while running out of gas can turn into a truck-pulling contest. Not all heroes wear capes and most can’t help but save the world… one drumroll at a time. Credit: Various via Storyful
Results: After a single injection of CJC 1295, there were dose dependent increases in mean plasma GH concentrations by 2- to 10-fold for 6 d or more and in mean plasma IGF-I concentrations by 1.5- to 3-fold for 9–11 d. The estimated half-life of CJC 1295 was 5.8–8.1 d. After multiple CJC 1295 doses, mean IGF-I levels remained above baseline for up to 28 d. No serious adverse reactions were reported.
Morphological evidences representative of the GHRP-6 effect in a porcine model of myocardial infarction. Effect of the GHRP-6 on AMI size and severity. (A, B) Macroscopic and histological images of AMI damage in animals treated with placebo. (C, D) Macroscopic and histological images representative of the GHRP-6 cardioprotective effect. Histological fragments were in every case collected from apparently normal zones, adjacent to the AMI necrotic core. Rats treated with GHRP-6 exhibited mostly preserved or marginally damaged (sarcoplasmic edema) myofibrils. No myofibrolysis was observed, although a number of ghost nuclei appeared. (H/E, ×20 magnification).
IGF-1 (Insulin-like growth factor) and MGF (Mechano-growth factor) are the peptides that help with insulin-like growth of muscles. In the case of mechano growth factor, it helps stimulate the recovery of damaged muscle tissue and activate satellite cells to produce more muscle tissue. MGF should only be dosed post workout and even on recovery days to utilize the full muscle building effects.
Results: After a single injection of CJC 1295, there were dose dependent increases in mean plasma GH concentrations by 2- to 10-fold for 6 d or more and in mean plasma IGF-I concentrations by 1.5- to 3-fold for 9–11 d. The estimated half-life of CJC 1295 was 5.8–8.1 d. After multiple CJC 1295 doses, mean IGF-I levels remained above baseline for up to 28 d. No serious adverse reactions were reported.
The sports pros and scientists have known about significance of peptides for bodybuilding and performance enhancement for many years but it is just in the last 2-3 years that the researchers have been able to know the dipeptides and tripeptides in the hydrolysed whey proteins that offer positive results on sports recovery and bodybuilding performance. So, if you really wish like achieving the desired bodybuilding goals, you can take natural peptide supplements.
Our first human GHRP-6 studies in normal young men were performed in collaboration with Michael Thorner (Bowers et al., 1990). These studies (Fig. 1.7, left panel) revealed that iv bolus GHRP-6 released GH and, when given together with GHRH, released GH synergistically. One of the most characteristic and consistent in vivo actions of GHRPs in various animals as well as humans of both sexes and all ages is the synergistic release of GH when GHRP is administered concomitantly with GHRH by iv bolus. Subsequently, this was also found for continuous 24/7 subcutaneous (sc) infusion. Also recorded in Fig. 1.7, right panel, is the comparative GH-releasing effects of iv bolus GHRP-6, -1, -2, and GHRH in normal young men. The potency of the three GHRPs we developed over several years was increasingly effective in releasing GH, and each released more GH than GHRH in normal young men. In addition, this was also found to occur in normal young women (Bowers, 1996).

In 2005, we undertook a porcine model of AMI via left circumflex artery occlusion for 1 hour followed by a 72-hour reperfusion period. GHRP-6 rescued ischemic myocardium from death for over 70% of the area at risk (Figure 3), and that in addition to enhance survival signaling pathways/gene expression of the PI-3K, AKT1, and BCL2 pathways, GHRP-6 decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) spillover, the inflammatory marker CRP, and preserved the antioxidant defenses.45 These antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties have also been attributed to GHRP-2 when its antiatherogenic potential was examined in ApoE(−/−) mice so that 12/15-lipoxygenase, interferon gamma, and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MMF) gene expression were accounted. Furthermore, in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells, GHRP-2 prevented the generation of peroxides, the downregulation of IGF-1 receptor, and the commitment of apoptosis.46


Y.-T. Shen, J. J. Lynch, R. J. Hargreaves, and R. J. Gould, “A growth hormone secretagogue prevents-ischemic-induced mortality independently of the growth hormone pathway in dogs with chronic dilated cardiomyopathy,” Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 306, no. 2, pp. 815–820, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
Our group has contributed to validate the potential antifibrotic abilities of GHRP-6 in animal models of liver cirrhosis38 and hypertrophic scars,39 in which via a peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ)-driven cascade, GHRP-6 intervention reduced TGF-β1 and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) expression, which translated in a dramatic reduction in the accumulation of collagen and other extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins.
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